The heart is one of the most important organs of our body. It is working constantly without rest throughout our lives. So it is very important to take care of the heart in order to live a long and healthy life.
Common Causes Of Heart Diseases
Every year more than 1 million people lose their lives due to heart diseases related complications. Some of the most common causes for heart diseases:
Genetic or congenital
some men and women are born with heart defects. These are usually detected at birth and need to be treated as soon as possible. Some families also have a history of heart diseases. If you know have parents or siblings who have suffered from cardiovascular diseases it is best to visit a doctor and get tested as a preventive measure.
but in recent times, most cases of cardiovascular diseases are arising due to unhealthy lifestyle and habits. Some common risk factors for heart problems are:
- Smoking – regular smoking can have a bad impact on many different parts of the body. The heart also negatively affected by smoking.
- High blood pressure – people suffering from high blood pressure are also very prone to developing heart problems. Unhealthy eating habits, lack of exercise, and high stress levels can lead to a rise in blood pressure levels. Patients suffering from hypertension, or continued high pressure, need to consult a physician and take medications.
- High cholesterol – just like high blood pressure, high levels of bad cholesterol in the blood can be also be damaging to the cardiovascular system. The risk factors for cholesterol are unhealthy eating habits and obesity.
- Obesity – people who are above the average normal weight for their height, age, and gender are usually at high risk for heart problems. Obesity is usually related to high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels as well. An unhealthy lifestyle, lack of exercise, and metabolic disorders may be the reasons behind obesity. People who find themselves unable to control their weight should consult a physician to come up with a good diet and exercise plan.
- Lack of exercise – in the 21st century, many people are now working desk jobs and lead very sedentary lives. As a result, they don’t get enough exercise. This can lead to obesity, diabetes, cholesterol, and other health complications along with cardiovascular diseases.
All these factors often lead to the building up of plaque in the arteries of the heart which blocks blood flow to the heart or the brain and can cause stroke or heart attack.
How to identify a heart complication:
Anyone at any age can develop complications with the heart. Strokes and heart attacks are the most dangerous forms of heart issues and can be fatal if they are not treated immediately. These are some common symptoms to look out for and patients need to consult the doctor immediately if they start feeling these:
Symptoms of a heart attack-
- Pain, tightness, or discomfort in the chest
- Pain in the arms, neck, jaws
- Feeling short of breath
- Getting cold sweats
- Feeling dizzy
Symptoms of a stroke-
- Drooping of a part of the face suddenly
- Weakness or numbness in the arms
- Slurred or incoherent speech
It is important to check the time when these symptoms appear so that the doctor can be given the information
How to keep your heart healthy:
- Regular exercise- Regular exercise can help to keep the heart in good condition. But for those who already suffer from heart issues must consult a doctor before they begin exercising. Moderate intensity exercises are good for heart health. Regular exercise can also help to control obesity, cholesterol, blood pressure, and other factors associated with the heart.
- Control smoking and drinking – giving up smoking can improve heart health. Drinking should also be done in moderation. Heavy drinking regularly can damage heart health.
- Eating healthy- good food choices can go a long way in keeping the heart and body healthy. Fruits, vegetables, nuts, whole grains, and lean proteins should be incorporated into the daily diet. A balanced diet with all food groups in small amounts is the best choice for a healthy heart. Doctors also suggest eating the rainbow, i.e., eat colorful fruits and vegetables, like orange carrots, green leafy vegetables, etc. This kind of diet ensures that you get all the necessary vitamins and minerals necessary for your heart and body.
The heart is beating for us every second of every day, so we also need to take care of it to stay healthy and work efficiently for a long time.