Type 2 diabetes is a long-time condition that restricts the way of using insulin for metabolizing sugar in the body. Sugar or glucose is an essential source of producing energy inside the body. Insulin influences the sugar level in the blood and moves it to blood cells for energy production. People with type 2 diabetes restricts the production of insulin or the way insulin should work.
What Causes Type 2 Diabetes and How Can Type 2 Diabetes Be Cured?
When someone has type 2 diabetes, the liver, fat, and muscle cells become unable to respond to the insulin appropriately. As a result, insulin does not move blood sugar to these cells, and energy storage becomes very difficult.
Out of all diabetes mellitus patients, almost 90 percent of people have type 2 diabetes. Earlier diabetes patients were only above 20 years of age, or older people had this disease. But nowadays even children suffer from this condition. It has increased because of the high weight gain in children.
Control over type 2 diabetes is highly necessary; otherwise, it can create many more health issues too. An increase in blood glucose level is extremely dangerous and can lead to serious complications. Certain symptoms like low energy level, constant hunger, blurry vision, excessive thirst shows the presence of type 2 diabetes.
If it remains for a long period, it can show symptoms of slow healing of sores, pain in the foot, etc. Early diagnosis of this disease is necessary to prevent it from causing any serious damage.
Causes Of Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes causes when the pancreas does not produce sufficient insulin that the body requires. Insulin circulates sugar into the blood cells and lessens sugar levels in the bloodstream. But when insulin does not work properly, the sugar builds up in the bloodstream, and body cells starve for energy. Numerous factors cause type 2 diabetes.
Overweight or obesity is quite common nowadays. Unhealthy and irregular eating habits, more consumption of food than the body requirement and lack of exercise creates excessive weight gain. Due to this body becomes more insulin resistant and also leads to several health problems.
- Less active body:
Performing any physical activity helps to control the weight and also improves the immune system. All the glucose in the body gets acquired in the form of energy, and cells start responding to insulin better. The inactive body puts you at a greater risk of this disease.
- Family history:
Type 2 diabetes is also an inherited disease. If your family has any person who has this diabetes, then you have a high chance of getting this disease. So, checking family history is very important to control the symptoms earlier.
- Age factor:
As people grow older, the cells show specific resistance to insulin. The reason may be less activity, weight gain, and less muscle mass. Nowadays children, teenagers, and adults are also getting this disease.
- PCOS or Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome:
Most women have Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome in which irregularities in menstrual periods, weight gain, more hair growth are common symptoms. This factor increases the chances of having type 2 diabetes.
It is a condition where blood sugar levels remain high than normal but not that sufficient to classify as diabetes. If this situation stays for a longer time without any treatment, than the person may have type 2 diabetes.
How To Cure Type 2 Diabetes?
- Monitoring blood sugar levels:
Planning of treatment is only possible if blood sugar levels are regularly checked. The increase or decrease in blood sugar levels will suggest whether to change anything in the treatment plan or not. It also helps in understanding the reaction of the body during treatment.
- Medicines or insulin therapy:
Some patients cannot control their diabetes even after trying a lot. Doctors suggest some medications that help in controlling diabetes and making it to a normal level. But medicines also do not work in certain patients; then, they may need insulin therapy. Earlier insulin was given to only serious patients, but now it is often recommended because of its quick recovery. It is directly injected as normal digestion may interfere when consumed by mouth. These therapies control the effect of insulin and prevent risks related to type 2 diabetes.
- Healthy eating habits:
Eating healthy food reduces the harsh effects of type 2 diabetes. Eating a few caloric foods, fewer carbohydrates, and reducing saturated fats helps the body to function well. Consumption of more vegetables and food with fibers also help to make sugar levels stable.
- Exercise and weight loss:
Workout or physical activity can support in reducing weight. It also aids in using energy for better insulin performance. Try walking, jogging, or any exercise for better health.
Permanent cure for Type 2 diabetes is not possible, but treating it well can reduce the harshness of this disease. Treatment of this diabetes at an early stage can help you to recover quickly.